COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), is a long-term lung disease that refers to both chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Symptoms can include persistent cough with mucus and shortness of breath. There are four stages of COPD. Treatment includes medications and lifestyle changes.
What causes COPD?
COPD is often a mix of two diseases: chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Both of these are caused by smoking. Research shows smoking cigarettes can increase the risk of getting COPD, and most people with COPD are long-term smokers. Here at Southwest Pulmonary Associates, we can visit with you during your appointment to determine which treatments will be appropriate for your COPD.
Most treatments for COPD include things you can do for yourself. Quitting smoking is the most important thing you can do to slow the disease and improve your quality of life. Eating well, staying active, and avoiding triggers are also steps you can take.
There are two types of medicines used to treat COPD. One is long-acting to help prevent symptoms and the other is short-acting to help relieve them.
In this treatment oxygen is administered through a face mask or small tube that fits just inside your nose. This treatment can be done both in the hospital or at home.
TREATMENT FOR MUSCLE WEAKNESS AND WEIGHT LOSS
A common problem for people with severe COPD is keeping their weight up and their bodies strong. This problem can be treated by paying attention to eating regularly and paying attention to what you eat.
This treatment option is only considered for people who have severe COPD and have tried other options of treatment that have not improved their condition.